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Bring Peace to Ukraine
Despite Russia’s invasion of Ukraine lasting 18 months, Western nations have yet to unite in support of Kyiv on behalf of the developing world. Numerous votes at the UN denouncing Russian aggression were successfully orchestrated by Europe, the United States, and Ukraine.
In recent months, they have started conversations with a number of foreign nations to find out what a fair peace deal for Ukraine may involve. However, other developing countries, such as South Africa, Brazil, and India, have chosen to remain neutral in the fight.
Leaders from developing nations appear eager to focus on global inequality and debt relief at the next United Nations General Assembly gathering. Russia has not significantly benefited from the West’s challenges.
Few nations recognize Moscow’s claims over Ukraine, leaving it outnumbered on many international forums. Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia, has been skipping international gatherings, such as the G20 summit earlier this month and the BRICS conference last month, out of fear of being detained on war crime charges.
On the other hand, the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, is currently in New York and will take part in the Security Council discussion on war next Wednesday.However, the possibility of a catastrophic standoff and the economic repercussions of the conflict continue to loom over emerging countries.
Ukraine will benefit from Western efforts to negotiate a peaceful conclusion on its terms, despite the fact that real progress has been slow. The International Crisis Group’s United Nations director, Richard Gowan, stated, “I don’t think this is a case where you easily win or lose.
Many non-Western nations are attempting to form a triangle with Russia and Ukraine. Politicians from the United States and Europe claim that their efforts in international diplomacy involving Ukraine have yielded some notable accomplishments.
They cite their criticism of Russia’s incursion, calls for the Russian military to leave, and a sizable pro-Ukraine vote in October that disregarded Russia’s claims to a sizable portion of Ukraine.
The US ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, made reference to the vote in October 2022 when she said, “It’s not easy to get 193 countries to agree on anything.” Policymakers and observers claim that the international desire to push Russia to the fore has waned in recent months.
A number of developing nations have demanded the establishment of an international tribunal to hold Russia’s leadership accountable as well as compensation from Russia for its wartime losses in response to Ukraine and its supporters. At the United Nations, developing countries will exert tremendous pressure on Western nations to carry out their 2030 commitments to ongoing development for the world’s poorest countries.
While many world capitals at first sided with Moscow’s claim that their oil and food prices were increasing rather than the war, other developing nations have united against Western sanctions on Russia. For Washington and its allies, avoiding Western sanctions through commerce with non-Western nations has grown to be a substantial obstacle.
International political unrest over a number of years will have an effect. Six countries, led by Russia and China and including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, were asked to join the BRICS club last month. The president of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, has emerged as one of the most outspoken opponents of the war among Western politicians.
He said that the US was “escalating” the crisis by arming Ukraine, and Washington reacted immediately. The head of the consulting firm Eurasia Group and former German defense official Jan Tekau claimed that some Western officials had minimized the desire of major players like the United States and Europe to defuse tensions with non-Western powers, including Brazil, by accusing them of “provoking war” in some regions of the world.
On the global stage, South Africa will assert its independence and interests. It is clear that many Western and so-called Global South countries are reluctant to join in this with the aims of America and other developed nations, according to him. Europe and leading players like Brazil.”
Despite a sluggish start, setbacks have been recognized by Ukraine and its Western backers. Zelensky is now focusing on nations in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, including India.
In the meantime, Kyiv has been pursuing a different diplomatic course with its European allies in an effort to find a workable middle ground for Ukraine between Western and emerging major powers, independent of Moscow, so that they can collaborate on particular issues without endorsing Moscow’s public criticism.
At a meeting held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, last month, more than 40 nations took part, including China for the first time. Senior officials may resume talking in New York next week. By the end of the year, Kyiv expects that the negotiations will result in a peace summit.
The Jeddah route could be vital, according to The Crisis Group’s Govern, even though the fate of the conflict will mostly be determined on the battlefield. The United States and its allies have acknowledged that some significant non-Western powers are beyond their ability to completely defeat.
An international viewpoint, though, could help mold whatever solution ultimately materializes regarding how the war should finish. At a G-20 summit last week in New Delhi, Western annoyances over Russia’s aggression and recent victories were exacerbated. India highlighted the requirement for unanimity in support of any declaration, highlighting Western failures to persuade others that the invasion by Russia should be solely to blame for the war or even to use terminology that the battle was “against Ukraine.”
The G-20’s host, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a crucial figure in Washington’s Asia and China policy, was chosen as the key to proving that the G-20 can remain a genuine international meeting and that he could deliver. The result, however, favored the West because Russian President Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping were not present in Delhi.
The G-20 raised the African Union with support from Europe and the US, a step that would be critical if Beijing and Moscow were denied participation in the organization. Participants noted that Russian efforts to criticize Western economic sanctions have failed, while Moscow faced pressure to restore the Black Sea grain route and demands from Western leaders to end military strikes on Ukraine’s essential infrastructure.
A senior European official stated, “In truth, Russia is more isolated than ever before.” And the language on Ukraine, which all G-20 participants had committed to, was a visible template for Ukraine’s supporters to see any peace process.
G-20 leaders said, “In line with the United Nations Charter, all states should refrain from regional acquisition of territory or political domination or the threat or use of force, and peaceful settlement of disputes, and shall avoid regional acquisition of territory or political domination or the threat or use of force, and refrain from regional acquisition of territory or political domination or the threat or use of force, and shall avoid regional acquisition of territory or political domination or the threat or use of force.”